Vyjayanthimala, Padma Subrahmanyam in Republic Day Honours

Venkat Raman
Auckland, January 27, 2024

Famous Bharata Natyam dancers Vyjayanthimala Bali and Padma Subrahmanyam were among the achievers chosen for Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian award announced by the Government of India on Republic Day every day.

Former Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu and Telugu film star Konidela Chiranjeevi are also listed in this Award category. Sociologist and social entrepreneur the late Bindeshwar Pathak is being awarded Padma Vibhushan posthumously.

Among the celebrities of the entertainment world who have been listed under the Padma Bhushan (the third-highest civilian honour) category are Mithun Chakraborty, Pyarelal Sharma (of the Laxmikant Pyarelal fame) and Usha Uthup. Tamil actor and Founder-Leader of the Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam in Tamil Nadu (who passed away on December 28, 2023) will be honoured posthumously.

Vyjayanthimala (90) was one of Indian cinema’s finest actors and dancers and a recipient of several accolades including five Filmfare Awards and two Bengal Film Journalists Association Awards. She began her film career with ‘Vaazhkai,’ a 1949 Tamil film, followed by ‘Jeevitham,’ a Telugu film a year later. She became a national star with ‘Bahar,’ ‘Nagin,’ ‘Devdas,’ ‘Naya Daur,’ ‘Sangam’ and many other Hindi movies, even as she rose in popularity in South Indian language films.

Her contributions as a Bharata Natyam dancer and as a Parliamentarian are widely acknowledged. She was elected to Lok Sabha from the Chennai South Constituency (1984-1991) and later served as a Member of the Rajya Sabha (the Upper House of Parliament) from 1993 to 1999.

Padma Subrahmanyam (80) is one of the foremost Bharata Natyam dancers in the world. She is also famous as a research scholar, choreographer, teacher, Indologist and author. She has won more than 100 awards in her impressive dancing career. Several films and documentaries have been made in her honour in Japan, Australia and Russia.

She is widely known for establishing the dance form of Bharata Nrithyam.

Ms Subrahmanyam has designed 108 sculptures of Lord Nataraja and Goddess Parvathi in black granite for the Nataraja Temple in Satara, Maharashtra as ordained by Jagadguru Shri Chandrasekarendra Saraswati Maha Swamigal of Kanchipuram. She has delivered lectures at various universities in Southeast Asia on India’s global cultural links.

Bharat Ratna

The government of India has chosen former Bihar Chief Minister Karpoori Thakur as Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India), the highest civilian honour to be awarded posthumously.

Known as the Champion of the Poor, Mr Thakur worked hard to improve the lot of what is called, ‘The Most Backward Classes’ in Bihar and promote education in his State.

Instituted on January 2, 1954, Bharat Ratna is conferred by India’s federal government to people in recognition of their exceptional service or performance of the highest order “without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex.”

The Award was originally restricted to achievements in arts, literature, science and public services but expanded in December 2011 to include “any field of human endeavour.”

The recommendation for the Bharat Ratna is made by the Prime Minister to the President with a maximum of five nominees per year. There have been years when no one was chosen for this Award.

Recipients of Bharat Ratna are presented with a Certificate signed by the President and a Peepal leaf-shaped medallion. There is no monetary grant associated with this Award but Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian Order of Precedence, led by the President and followed by Vice-President, Prime Minister, Governors of States, Former Presidents, Deputy Prime Minister (currently none), Chief Justice and many others.

The last Governor-General of India Chakravarthy Rajagopalachari, the First Vice-President of Independent India Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and Nobel Laureate and Physicist Dr C V Raman were the first recipients in 1954.

So far, 49 dignitaries have been honoured. Although usually conferred on Indian citizens, there have thus far been three exceptions: Mother Teresa (who was a naturalised citizen of India), Abdul Gaffar Khan (born in undivided India and later a Pakistani citizen) and Nelson Mandela (President of South Africa).

About the Padma Awards

NDTV reports that the Padma Awards are conferred on the recommendations made by the Padma Awards Committee, constituted by the Prime Minister every year.

“The Padma Awards Committee is headed by the Cabinet Secretary and includes the Home Secretary, Secretary to the President, and four to six eminent persons as members. The recommendations of the Committee are submitted to the Prime Minister and the President of India for approval,” the channel said.

Padma Awards commence with Padma Shri and then scale to Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan. There are 132 Padma Awardees this year, including two duo cases (in a duo case, the award is counted as one).  The list comprises five Padma Vibhushan, 17 Padma Bhushan and 110 Padma Shri Awards. Thirty of the awardees are women, and the list also includes eight persons from the categories of Foreign Non-Resident Indian (NRI), Person of Indian Origin (PIO), Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI), and nine posthumous awardees.

Here is the full list of Padma Awards 2024 Recipients:

Padma Vibhushan 1. Vyjayanthimala Bali 2. Konidela Chiranjeevi 3. M Venkaiah Naidu 4. Bindeshwar Pathak (Posthumous) 5. Padma Subrahmanyam

Padma Bhushan 1. M Fathima Beevi (Posthumous) 2. Hormusji N Cama 3. Mithun Chakraborty 4. Sitaram Jindal 5. Young Liu 6. Ashwin Balachand Mehta 7. Satyabrata Mookerjee (Posthumous) 8. Ram Naik 9. Tejas Madhusudan Patel 10. Olanchery Rajagopal 11. Dattatray Ambadas Mayaloo Alias Rajdutt 12. Todan Rinpoche (Posthumous) 13. Pyarelal Sharma 14. Chandreshwar Prasad Thakur 15. Usha Uthup 16. Vijayakanth 17. Kundan Vyas

Padma Shri 1. Khalil Ahamad 2. Badrappan M 3. Kaluram Bamaniya 4. Rezwana Choudhury Bannya 5. Naseem Bano 6. Ramlal Bareth 7. Gita Roy Barman 8. Parbati Baruah 9. Sarbeswar Basumatary 10. Som Datt Dattu 11. Takdira Begum 12. Sathyanarayana Beleri 13. Drona Bhuyan 14. Ashok Kumar Chakma 15. Rohan Manchanda Bapanna 16. Smriti Rekha Chama 17. Narayan Chakraborty 18. A Velu Ananda Chari 19. Ram Chet Choudhary 20. K Chellammal 21. Joshna Chinnappa 22. Charlotte Chopin 23. Raghuveer Choudhary 24. Joe D’Cruz 25. Ghulam Nabi Dar 26. Chitta Ranjan Debbarma 27. Uday Vishwanath Deshpande 28. Prema Dhanraj 29. Radha Krishan Dhiman 30. Manohar Krishana Dale 31. Pierre Sylvain Fillozat 32. Mahabir Singh Guddu 33. Anupama Hoskere 34. Yazdi Maneksha Italia 35. Rajaram Jain 36.

Janakilal 37. Ratan Kahar 38. Yashwant Singh Kathoch 39. Zahir I Kazi    40.    Gaurav Khanna    41.    Surendra Kishore    42.    Dasari Kondappa    43.    Sridhar Makam Krishnamurthy    44.   Yanung Jamoh Lego    45.    Jordan Lepcha    46.    Satendra Singh Lohia    47.    Binod Maharana    48.    Purnima Mahato    49.    Uma Maheshwari D    50.   Dukhu Majhi    51.    Ram Kumar Mallick    52.    Hemchand Manjhi    53.    Chandrashekhar Mahadeorao Meshram    54.    Surendra Mohan Mishra (Posthumous)    55.    Ali Mohammed & Shri Ghani Mohammed (Duo) 56.    Kalpana Morparia    57.    Chami Murmu    58.    Sasindran Muthuvel    59.    G Nachiyar    60.    Kiran Nadar    61.    Pakaravur Chithran Namboodiripad (Posthumous)    62.    Narayanan E P    63.    Shailesh Nayak  64.    Harish Nayak (Posthumous)    65.    Fred Negrit    66.    Hari Om    67.    Bhagabat Padhan    68.    Sanatan Rudra Pal    69.    Shankar Baba Pundlikrao Papalkar    70.    Radhe Shyam Pareek    71.    Dayal Mavjibhai Parmar    72.    Binod Kumar  Pasayat    73.    Silbi Passah    74.    Shanti Devi Paswan & Shri Shivan Paswan (Duo)    75.    Sanjay Anant Patil    76.    Muni Narayana Prasad    77.    K S Rajanna    78.    Chandrashekar Channapatna Rajannachar    79.    Bhagwatilal Rajpurohit    80.    Romalo Ram    81.    Navjivan Rastogi    82.    Nirmal Rishi    83.    Pran Sabharwal    84.    Gaddam Sammaiah    85.    Sangthankima    86.    Machihan Sasa    87.    Omprakash Sharma    88.    Eklabya Sharma 89.    Ram Chander Sihag    90.    Harbinder Singh    91.    Gurvinder Singh    92.    Godawari Singh        93.    Ravi Prakash Singh    94.    Seshampatti T Sivalingam    95.    Somanna     96.    Kethavath Somlal    97.    Shashi Soni    98.    Urmila Srivastava    99.    Nepal Chandra Sutradhar (Posthumous)    100.    Gopinath Swain    101.    Laxman Bhatt Tailang    102.    Maya Tandon    103.    Aswathi Thirunal Gouri Lakshmi Bayi Thampuratty    104.    Jagdish Labhshanker Trivedi    105.    Sano Vamuzo    106.    Balakrishnan Sadanam Puthiya Veetil     107.    Kurella Vittalacharya    108.    Kiran Vyas    109.    Jageshwar Yadav    110.    Babu am Yadav

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